Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lower rectum which can be annoying or uncomfortable due to pain, itching or rectal bleeding. It is common in both men and women. You might be able to  feel it or see it around the anus if it is close to the anus.

Hemorrhoids are more common in older people, people with diarrhea,  pelvic tumors,  among women during or after pregnancy , among people who sits for longer period of time and in people with constipation who needs to strain to have bowel movements.

Straining when having a bowel movement mostly causes hemorrhoids. Pushing hard to expel feces causes those veins to enlarge and become swollen. So if you have ongoing issues with constipation, this could be a chronic issue. Having a baby can also cause hemorrhoids because the mother must strain to push out her baby. Sitting for long periods of time in an uncomfortable position, such as on a rock or the cement, could also put undue pressure on the anal muscles, causing hemorrhoids.

Side Effects

  • Painless rectal bleeding
  • Anal itching or pain
  • Tissue bulging around anus
  • Leakage of feces or difficulty cleaning after bowel movement


Your physician will need to examine your rectum and he may recommend a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look for any possible other causes of rectal bleeding like a tumor or mass.


The most important step in the treatment of hemorrhoids is preventing constipation.  Hard stools can cause rectal bleeding and staining can cause tear in the anus called anal fissure. Straining can worsen the existing hemorrhoids and  increase the risk of developing new hemorrhoids.

High fiber diet, fiber supplements and laxatives can be taken to prevent constipation. Unless your physician had restricted your fluid intake , you need to drink plenty of water to maintain adequate hydration.

Various creams and suppositories are available in the market to treat hemorrhoids . Pain relieving creams and hydrocortisone rectal suppositories  may temporarily help relieve, pain, inflammation and itching.

Your physician may recommend simple procedures like Rubberbad ligation , sclerotherapy or laser, infrared or bipolar coagulation for the treatment  of hemorrhoids.

If you continue to have symptoms surgery might be considered.

Do you have hemorrhoids? Call Gastroenterology Institute Of Orlando,at 407-201-3686 to learn more about treatment!

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